In a case study of 33 patients, HemCon Nasal Plug was found to be an effective adjunct in the prehospital treatment of uncontrolled anterior epistaxis.
HemCon Nasal Plug effectively stops anterior nose bleeding, even when other products fail to stop the bleeding; are well-tolerated by patients due to the small size, compared to other nasal tampons; are relatively inexpensive and much less expensive than competitive products; and are very easy to use.
Epistaxis is a common medical emergency with possible life-threatening complications. In the prehospital setting, epistaxis can be treated with nasal tampons. HemCon® Nasal Plug is a nasal tampon impregnated with oxidized cellulose, which has hemostatic properties.
The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness and usability of HemCon Nasal Plugs in the treatment of anterior epistaxis in the prehospital setting. Methods: From June 2012 to December 2014, all ambulances of two emergency medical services in the Netherlands were equipped with HemCon Nasal Plugs. The plug was used according to protocol; if conventional treatment failed to control severe epistaxis or if conventional treatment was unlikely to achieve hemostasis. The ambulance personnel filled in an evaluation form after each use.
A total of 33 patients were treated with HemCon Nasal Plugs. Twenty-four patients were taking anticoagulants or suffered from a clotting disorder. The cause of epistaxis was idiopathic in the majority of the patients. Inserting HemCon Nasal Plugs resulted in cessation of epistaxis in 25/33 patients and resulted in reduction of epistaxis in 4/33 patients. HemCon Nasal Plugs failed to control epistaxis in 4/33 patients, possible due to an unreachable site of bleeding.
This study demonstrated that HemCon Nasal Plug is an effective adjunct in the prehospital treatment of uncontrolled anterior epistaxis.
Grotenhuis, R. et al. J of Prehospital Emergency Care 2017; 0:1-7